Platform Description
Game Boy

Game Boy is the first major portable video game console made by Nintendo. It sold more than 118 million units worldwide (including different revisions and Game Boy Color) and became the first successful portable game console in the world. The console featured a monochrome display and used a control scheme similar to that of NES with a D-pad, A, B, Select and Start buttons. The Game Link cable allowed players to connect two Game Boys to play multiplayer or transfer data in certain games. The system launched in 1989 in North America with Tetris a packed-in game. The game became a huge hit and a reliable promotional tool for the console. The Game Boy was an origin console for Nintendo’s hit series Kirby and Pokémon.
Aside from them, various game series that became popular on other console got their Game Boy releases. They include Metroid, Super Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Contra and Donkey Kong among others. The system got two main revision throughout its lifespan: a more lightweight Game Boy Pocket in 1996, that also required two batteries instead of four, and Game Boy Light in 1998 that had backlit display and was exclusive for Japan.


GameCube is Nintendo’s fourth major home video game console and a successor to the Nintendo 64. It was the first Nintendo console to use optical disks as the primary storage medium. Unlike its competitors, Sony PlayStation 2 and Microsoft Xbox, it used mini-DVD format instead of regular DVDs which resulted in console lacking DVD-player feature. The GameCube controller was drastically different from previous Nintendo controllers and used an asymmetrical design of its face buttons. The wireless version of the controller called WaveBird was released in 2002. The GameCube became Nintendo’s worst selling home console at the time with about 22 million copies sold worldwide. However, it was praised for its game library with many games gaining widespread acclaim from both critics and players.
Some of the most notable of them include: Paper Mario: A Thousand-Year Door, Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem, Metroid Prime, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Pikmin, and Super Monkey Ball among others. The best-selling game on the console is Super Smash Bros. Melee. The game sold 7 million copies and had an active tournament community up to this day.


iOS is an operating system initially developed by Apple and named iPhone OS by the title of the only phone developed by a corporation. While it was intended for mobile phones and media players at first, it has grown to tablets and TV-console. The OS is considered the second most famous system after Android. iOS is widely known for its closed source code and high data encryption making it nearly impossible to boot the system on the device other than Apple's. The system features a lot of apps unique to the Apple users including Siri — a voice assistant which can access apps as well as Game Center — a various apps manager allowing gamers to share their achievements while playing with friends. App Store is considered to be the most profound mobile application platform with strict selection and moderating policies. The most popular iOS hack is called Jailbreak and allows the user to overclock the CPU and access the hidden homebrew apps within the system.


Nintendo Entertainment System (usually referred to as NES) is Nintendo’s first major home video game console. It was initially released in 1983 in Japan as Famicom. Even though both consoles shared similar hardware, the games were region-blocked and had different game cartridge design. The consoles’ design was also drastically different with Famicom having two controllers wired inside the system. NES was the first successful video game console in North America since the video game crash of 1983 and was one of the main reasons of the industry revitalization. Throughout its lifespan, many classic game series originated on NES: Super Mario, Metroid, Castlevania, Final Fantasy, The Legend of Zelda, Dragon Quest, Mega Man, and Ghosts'n'Goblins among others.
The NES gamepad consisted of four-directional D-pad, Start, Select, A and B buttons. It was the first video game console controller that included a D-pad which became the industry standard and was featured in almost every game console since. The console had a considerably long lifespan and was only discontinued in 1995 in North America and 2003 in Japan.

Nintendo 64

Nintendo 64 is the third major video game home console made by Nintendo. It was released in 1996 and competed with Sony PlayStation, Sega Saturn and later Dreamcast. Unlike its competitors, Nintendo 64 used game cartridges as the primary storage medium instead of optical disks. The console introduced a unique gamepad with a D-pad, six face buttons, three shoulder buttons, a trigger and an analog stick, which later became a standard in the industry and has been used in every major video game console since. The game cartridges on Nintendo 64 contained significantly less storage than CDs on other consoles. That resulted in N64 games having much less cinematic cutscenes, music tracks, and other multimedia data.
Compared to the SNES, Nintendo 64 gained far less support from third-party developers. The most notable third-party developer for the system was Rare which made some of the most well-received games for the consoles such as Perfect Dark, GoldenEye 007 and Banjo-Kazooie. The most popular first-party games on the system include Super Mario 64 The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, Mario Kart 64 and Mario Party 2.

Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS is Nintendo’s fourth major portable game console. Released as a successor to the company’s Game Boy series of portable game consoles, DS used a clamshell design, similar to the Game Boy Advance SP. The main feature of the console was its dual-screen display with the bottom screen being touch-sensitive. The console included a stylus for more precise touchscreen input and used the wireless connection for local and online multiplayer in specific titles. The Nintendo DS was a massive success for the company and as for 2018 is the second best-selling game console of all time Three Nintendo DS titles – New Super Mario Bros., Nintendogs and Mario Kart DS sold more than 20 million copies. During its lifespan, it had several redesigns: more compact version and ergonomic DS Lite, DSi that featured preinstalled browser, camera, and online game store, DSi XL, the version of DSi with bigger screens. The original DS and DS Lite were backward compatible with Game Boy Advance games.

Nintendo Switch

Nintendo Switch is a hybrid video game console made by Nintendo. The system represents a tablet-like device with a touchscreen with detachable controllers on the sides. The system can be inserted into a docking station connected to the TV and serve as a home console. This allows the games on the system to be played both on a big screen or in the handheld with no need to reset the system to change the modes. The central controller for the Switch is a pair of Joy-Cons – small controllers both of which feature four face buttons, an analog stick, two side buttons, and high-definition vibration. The controllers can be used separately by different players, together using a grip accessory or attached to the system in handheld mode.
Unlike many previous Nintendo consoles, as for 2019, the system has strong support from third-party developers, especially from the indie scene. The Switch introduced Nintendo Switch Online, a subscription-based service that resembles Xbox Live Gold and PlayStation Plus. It allows players to play online multiplayer, offers a selection of classic Nintendo games and lets players use cloud saves.


PC games, or personal computer games, started with the video game crash of 1983. PC games became popular after the development of the microprocessor and microcomputer. Some of the first PC games were Bertie the Brain, OXO and Spacewar!
As the 3D graphics accelerators became faster and CPU power improved, PC games became more realistic and more accessible to produce. The PC market sales rocketed in the 80s when IBM computers and sound cards were generated. The platform involves different peripherals, gaming hardware, and software. These are mouse and keyboard; gamepads and motion controllers aren't obligatory, but still popularly accepted. Better hardware improves the game's accuracy; it usually lets the players use more NPCs than equivalents on other platforms. With the platform, the players can perform every sort of game. For example, shooters are easy to play due to the mouse controllers. However, the main reason for the PC games popularity is their lower prices and the backward compatibility with older titles, which leaves much to be desired on cosoles.


Super Nintendo Entertainment System or SNES (also known as Super Famicom in Japan) is Nintendo’s second major video game home console and a successor to the company's NES. The console competed with Sega Genesis, NEC’s TurboGrafx-16, SNK’s Neo Geo and sold more than 40 million units worldwide becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era. The SNES controller was notably different from its predecessor and included more minimalistic and ergonomic design as well as four more buttons. The system launched with 5 games in North America: Pilotwings, F-Zero, SimCity, Gradius III and Super Mario World later of which became the best-selling title for the system. The system did not have any notable revisions during its lifespan. However numerous games used enhancement chips that increased the performance of the console.
The most notable of them is SuperFX chip that was used in such games as Star Fox and Dirt Racer. Many SNES games gained the cult following. They include Final Fantasy VII, Earthbound, Super Metroid The Legend of Zelda: A link to the Past among others.


Wii is Nintendo’s fifth major home video game console. It became a huge financial success for Nintendo with 101 million consoles sold worldwide. Unlike its competitors, Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, Wii could not display HD graphics and targeted broader demographic of casual players. The main feature of the console was its motion-sensing central controller – Wii Remote that also had the functionality of a pointing device. Most of its lifespan, the console packages included Wii Sports game, which also was one of the Wii’s selling point. The game was marketed as easy to learn entertainment for the whole family. Most of Nintendo’s main franchises got their installments on the Wii most notable of which are Super Mario Galaxy, Metroid Prime 3, The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword, Donkey Kong Country Returns, Super Smash Bros. Brawl, and Mario Kart Wii. The first model of Wii also was backward compatible with the majority of GameCube games and had GameCube Controller ports.

Wii U

Nintendo Wii U is the sixth major home video game console made by Nintendo. Released as a successor to the company’s Wii, it was fully backward compatible with Wii games and accessories with Wii Remote Plus being one of the primary controllers for the system. It competed with Xbox One and PlayStation 4 but sold much fewer units then its competitors and overall was a commercial failure for the company. The Wii U’s main was its GamePad – the central controller for the system. It featured a 6.2-inch touchscreen display, a motion sensing capability, microphone, and a front camera as well as traditional input methods. The second screen could be used to display the game without the use of a TV or to provide alternative control methods and display some of the in-game information such as maps, inventory or an alternative viewpoint. Despite its poor sales, the console was praised for its first-party titles and innovative concepts some of which were used in the next Nintendo console – Switch. Some of the most popular and well-received games for Wii U include Mario Kart 8, Super Smash Bros., Splatoon, Super Mario Maker and Xenoblade Chronicles X among others.

Xbox One

Xbox One is a home video game console released by Microsoft in 2013. Unlike its main competitor — PlayStation 4, the accent in the development was made in multitasking and using a console as a home media player to watch TV, listen to music and play the games. There is three hardware option available to gamers: original console, One S version (with a smaller body, no external power supply, and native HDR/4k support) and One X (pro-gamer-oriented system with updated hardware and 4k rendering in real time). While PS4 is known for exclusive-orientation, Xbox One's games are mostly multi-platform titles. This supports Microsoft's initial idea to prevent selling used games between the players. However, given the competition from the Sony side, the corporation quickly gave up. Among the notable exclusive games, there are Sunset Overdrive, Halo 5: Guardians and Forza Motorsport 5.

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